What is the TCPA?

A copy of the statute is here.  A copy of the FCC regulations is here.

The TCPA is the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, which was passed into law in 1991. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued rules and regulations implementing the TCPA which then went into effect on December 20, 1992.

A number of court challenges to parts of the TCPA have been brought.  All failed.

The TCPA was a merging of two bills in Congress, and it deals with several distinct issues:
In 2003, the FCC amended its rules under the TCPA to implement the national Do-Not-Call list.

In 2005, Congress amended the TCPA to establish a new exemption to permit some additional unsolicited fax transmissions that previously were not permitted under the statute.

In general, people who have received telemarketing calls, unsolicited faxes, prerecorded calls, or autodialed calls to cellphones, may bring suit (in your local state court, including in small claims court) against the person making those calls if they violate the TCPA.  The statute provides statutory damages, generally from $500 to $1500 for each violation, which are paid to the consumer.